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Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam

Linh Pham/Getty Images - detikFinance
Senin, 20 Jul 2020 14:50 WIB

Jakarta - Vietnam dikenal menjadi salah satu penghasil tekstil terbesar di dunia. Salah satu wilayah penghasil tekstilnya berada di provinsi pegunungan Ha Giang.

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Provinsi Ha Giang memiliki pasar Minggu Dong Van yang merupakan salah satu pasar terjauh di utara dekat perbatasan China.  

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Perjalanan menuju pasar tekstil tersebut harus melewati jalan yang dikelilingi pengunungan.  

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Vietnam diketahui menjadi salah satu penghasil tekstil terbesar di dunia. Salah satu daerah penghasil tekstil berada di provinsi Ha Giang.  

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Industri tekstil menjadi profesi dominan para warga di provinsi Ha Giang.  

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Bahkan kinerja ekspor tekstil dan produk tekstil (TPT) di Indonesia masih kalah dibandingkan Vietnam.  

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pertekstilan Indonesia (API) Ade Sudrajat mengatakan Vietnam baru masuk ke sektor industri TPT pada tahun 2000. Sedangkan Indonesia sudah menggeluti bidang ini sejak tahun 1980-an.  

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Banyak faktor yang menyebabkan Vietnam merajai tekstil dunia, Ade mengatakan faktor upah yang lebih murah dan kebijakan perdagangan Vietnam yang membuka diri dengan perdagangan bebas Asia Pasifik.  

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Ade mengatakan Vietnam sudah menandatangani Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement. Salah satu keuntungannya adalah Vietnam mendapatkan kemudahan ekspor ke negara-negara pasifik seperti Amerika Serikat (AS).  

HA GIANG, VIETNAM - NOVEMBER 28:  Ha Thi Gia, 23, makes linen at her house in Lung Tam, a renowned traditional textile village in the mountainous province of Ha Giang on November 27, 2016 in Ha Giang, Vietnam. Vietnam was expected to be one of the major beneficiaries from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal, which would have provided tariff free access for its textile, low-end goods, and agriculture export, but all hope seems dead after U.S. President-Elect Donald Trump declared he was going to withdraw from the pact upon stepping into office. Based on reports, Vietnamâs economy is still positioned to perform well as the country's Communist Party carefully managed relations with neighboring China, which has been well placed to step into the region with an alternative trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership deal, which aims to build roads, ports and highways through much of Asia. (Photo by Linh Pham/Getty Images)

Diketahui bahwa produksi tekstil dan produk tekstil terbesar di dunia masih dikuasai oleh Negeri Tirai Bambu China, walaupun kini kondisi industri TPT di China sedang bermasalah dengan sektor tenaga kerjanya. Untuk itu banyak perusahaan TPT China yang berniat melakukan relokasi produksi ke negara lain salah satunya ke Vietnam dan Indonesia.  

Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam
Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam
Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam
Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam
Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam
Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam
Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam
Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam
Ha Giang, Provinsi Penghasil Tekstil di Vietnam