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Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut

Eranga Jayawardena/AP Photo - detikFinance
Sabtu, 25 Jun 2022 09:00 WIB

Sri Lanka - Warga beraktivitas dengan lesu dan muram. Antre BBM dan penggunaan kayu bakar menjadi pemandangan sehari-hari di Kolombo, Sri Lanka pascabangkrut.

A man holds a cup of tea and walks past autorickshaws waiting in a queue to fill fuel in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday, June 24, 2022. Sri Lankans have endured months of shortages of food, fuel and other necessities due to the country’s dwindling foreign exchange reserves and mounting debt, worsened by the pandemic and other longer term troubles. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)

Seorang wanita memasak menggunakan perapian kayu bakar di depan restoran pinggir jalan di Kolombo, Sri Lanka, Jumat, (24/6/2022). Warga Sri Lanka telah mengalami kekurangan makanan, bahan bakar, dan kebutuhan lainnya selama berbulan-bulan karena cadangan devisa negara yang semakin menipis.

A man holds a cup of tea and walks past autorickshaws waiting in a queue to fill fuel in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday, June 24, 2022. Sri Lankans have endured months of shortages of food, fuel and other necessities due to the country’s dwindling foreign exchange reserves and mounting debt, worsened by the pandemic and other longer term troubles. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)

Warga Sri Lanka telah mengalami kekurangan makanan, bahan bakar, dan kebutuhan lainnya selama berbulan-bulan karena cadangan devisa negara yang semakin menipis.

A man holds a cup of tea and walks past autorickshaws waiting in a queue to fill fuel in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday, June 24, 2022. Sri Lankans have endured months of shortages of food, fuel and other necessities due to the country’s dwindling foreign exchange reserves and mounting debt, worsened by the pandemic and other longer term troubles. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)

Sri Lanka sedang mengalami krisis ekonomi terburuk sejak merdeka dari Inggris pada 1948. Negara di Asia Selatan itu gagal membayar utang luar negerinya sehingga dikatakan bangkrut.  

A man holds a cup of tea and walks past autorickshaws waiting in a queue to fill fuel in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday, June 24, 2022. Sri Lankans have endured months of shortages of food, fuel and other necessities due to the country’s dwindling foreign exchange reserves and mounting debt, worsened by the pandemic and other longer term troubles. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)

Sri Lanka gagal bayar utang luar negeri sebesar US$ 51 miliar atau Rp 729 triliun (kurs Rp 14.300).

A man holds a cup of tea and walks past autorickshaws waiting in a queue to fill fuel in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday, June 24, 2022. Sri Lankans have endured months of shortages of food, fuel and other necessities due to the country’s dwindling foreign exchange reserves and mounting debt, worsened by the pandemic and other longer term troubles. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)

Kekurangan makanan, bahan bakar minyak (BBM), serta pemadaman listrik berkepanjangan membawa penderitaan kepada 22 juta orang di negara itu.

A man holds a cup of tea and walks past autorickshaws waiting in a queue to fill fuel in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday, June 24, 2022. Sri Lankans have endured months of shortages of food, fuel and other necessities due to the country’s dwindling foreign exchange reserves and mounting debt, worsened by the pandemic and other longer term troubles. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)

Salah satu kewajiban Sri Lanka membayar utang adalah ke China. Dilansir dari Times of India, total pinjamannya ke Beijing mencapai US$ 8 miliar atau setara Rp 114,400 triliun yang dikucurkan melalui skema Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), sekitar seperenam dari total utang luar negerinya.

A man holds a cup of tea and walks past autorickshaws waiting in a queue to fill fuel in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday, June 24, 2022. Sri Lankans have endured months of shortages of food, fuel and other necessities due to the country’s dwindling foreign exchange reserves and mounting debt, worsened by the pandemic and other longer term troubles. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)

Pemerintah Sri Lanka meminjam utang ke China untuk sejumlah proyek infrastruktur sejak 2005 seperti pembangunan jalan raya, bandara, pembangkit listrik tenaga batu bara, hingga salah satunya pembangunan pelabuhan Hambantota. Sayangnya sebagian proyek malah dinilai tak memberi manfaat ekonomi bagi negara itu.

A man holds a cup of tea and walks past autorickshaws waiting in a queue to fill fuel in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Friday, June 24, 2022. Sri Lankans have endured months of shortages of food, fuel and other necessities due to the country’s dwindling foreign exchange reserves and mounting debt, worsened by the pandemic and other longer term troubles. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)

Orang-orang menunggu saat pengunjuk rasa menuntut blokade lalu lintas bahan bakar di dekat stasiun bahan bakar di Kolombo, Sri Lanka.

Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut
Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut
Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut
Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut
Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut
Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut
Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut
Potret Terkini Sri Lanka Setelah Dinyatakan Bangkrut

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