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Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok

Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images - detikFinance
Jumat, 25 Mar 2022 21:30 WIB

Lombok - Mutiara khas Lombok termasuk yang paling cantik bahkan terkenal hingga mancanegara. Sebab, mutiara dari Teluk Nara itu dibudidayakan secara alami.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: South Sea white pearl rings are displayed in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Perairan Teluk Nara dan Laut Sekotong di Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat, kaya akan mutiara putih Laut Selatan, dan merupakan penghasil terbesar di Indonesia. Jenis kerang yang banyak dibudidayakan di pulau ini adalah spesies Pinctada maxima atau biasa dikenal sebagai ratu mutiara, Senin, (21/3/2022).

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: A worker displays Pinctada maxima and Pinctada Margaritifera shells in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Proses pemeliharaan dimulai sejak larva kerang yang masih dipelihara di dalam tanki. Proses ini dilakukan dengan sangat hati-hati. Memproduksi mutiara adalah proses alami yang panjang dan ramah lingkungan. Indonesia mengekspor lebih dari enam ton mutiara pada tahun 2020.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: A worker displays Pinctada maxima and Pinctada Margaritifera shells in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Seorang pekerja menyiapkan tiram di panel jaring pelindung sebelum menempatkannya ke laut setelah proses pemeliharaan.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: A worker displays Pinctada maxima and Pinctada Margaritifera shells in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Setelah berumur tiga minggu larva dipindah ke tangki lain dan baru siap dipelihara di air laut setelah 40 hari. Kerang berumur dua tahun baru siap menjalani insesrsi atau pemasangan inti nukleus (bibit mutiara).

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: A worker displays Pinctada maxima and Pinctada Margaritifera shells in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Seorang teknisi mutiara menyiapkan jaringan mantel dari tiram donor selama proses nukleasi.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: A worker displays Pinctada maxima and Pinctada Margaritifera shells in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Sebulan sekali cangkang mutiara dibersihkan di atas bagang yang mengapung di pesisir pantai. Selain keindahannya, proses panjang ini yang membuat mutiara air laut mahal.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: A worker displays Pinctada maxima and Pinctada Margaritifera shells in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Pekerja membersihkan puing-puing dari tiram Pinctada maxima di peternakan mutiara Autore di desa Malaka, Teluk Nara.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: A worker displays Pinctada maxima and Pinctada Margaritifera shells in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Seorang pekerja menyiapkan plankton selama proses penetasan tiram di peternakan mutiara Autore di desa Malaka, Teluk Nara.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: A worker displays Pinctada maxima and Pinctada Margaritifera shells in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Seorang teknisi mutiara memanen mutiara Laut Selatan dari tiram Pinctada maxima berusia empat tahun di peternakan mutiara Autore di desa Malaka, Teluk Nara. Fase budidaya mulai dari pembibitan sampai bisa dipanen pertama kali membutuhkan waktu hingga empat tahun. Dalam satu kerang mutiara, biasanya hanya terdapat 1-2 butir mutiara.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: South Sea white pearl rings are displayed in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Cincin mutiara putih Laut Selatan dipajang di showroom mutiara Autore.

LOMBOK, INDONESIA - MARCH 21: South Sea white pearl rings are displayed in Autore pearl showroom at Malaka village, Gulf of Nara on March 21, 2022 in Lombok, Indonesia. The waters of the Gulf of Nara and the Sekotong Sea in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, are rich in South Sea white pearl, and the area is Indonesia's largest producer. Producing pearl is a long natural process and is environmentally sustainable. Indonesia exported over six tons of the pearl in 2020. (Photo by Robertus Pudyanto/Getty Images)

Mutiara putih Laut Selatan ditampilkan di showroom mutiara Autore di desa Malaka, Teluk Nara.

Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok
Mendulang Uang dari Ternak Mutiara Alami di Lombok