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Penampakan Situs Buddha yang Terancam Tambang China dan Taliban

Wakil Kohsar/AFP/Getty Images - detikFinance
Kamis, 30 Jun 2022 20:00 WIB

Afghanistan - Mes Aynak, kota Buddha yang berkembang sekitar 1.600 tahun lalu nasibnya di ujung tanduk. Situs arkeologi itu terancam penambangan tembaga China dan Taliban.

In this photograph taken on May 17, 2022, historical monuments department manager Jalat Surkhabi shows a structure uncovered at an archaeological site in Mes Aynak, in the eastern province of Logar. - An ancient Buddhist city carved out of immense peaks near Kabul is in danger of disappearing forever, swallowed up by a Chinese consortium exploiting one of the world's largest copper deposits. Located at the confluence of Hellenistic and Indian cultures, Mes Aynak -- believed to be between 1,000 and 2,000 years old -- was once a vast city organised around the extraction and trade of copper. - TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by Wakil KOHSAR / AFP) / TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by WAKIL KOHSAR/AFP via Getty Images)

Penampakan pangkalan konsorsium Tiongkok di Mes Aynak, di provinsi timur Logar, (17/5/2022). Sebuah kota Buddha kuno yang dipahat dari puncak-puncak besar di dekat Kabul terancam punah akibat penambangan oleh konsorsium China. Lokasi tersebut merupakan salah satu deposit tembaga terbesar di dunia.

In this photograph taken on May 17, 2022, historical monuments department manager Jalat Surkhabi shows a structure uncovered at an archaeological site in Mes Aynak, in the eastern province of Logar. - An ancient Buddhist city carved out of immense peaks near Kabul is in danger of disappearing forever, swallowed up by a Chinese consortium exploiting one of the world's largest copper deposits. Located at the confluence of Hellenistic and Indian cultures, Mes Aynak -- believed to be between 1,000 and 2,000 years old -- was once a vast city organised around the extraction and trade of copper. - TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by Wakil KOHSAR / AFP) / TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by WAKIL KOHSAR/AFP via Getty Images)

Mes Aynak terletak di sepanjang Jalur Sutra yang ikonik dan digunakan untuk perdagangan dan ibadah. Di kota ini banyak biara Buddha kuno dan artefak Buddha lainnya.

In this photograph taken on May 17, 2022, historical monuments department manager Jalat Surkhabi shows a structure uncovered at an archaeological site in Mes Aynak, in the eastern province of Logar. - An ancient Buddhist city carved out of immense peaks near Kabul is in danger of disappearing forever, swallowed up by a Chinese consortium exploiting one of the world's largest copper deposits. Located at the confluence of Hellenistic and Indian cultures, Mes Aynak -- believed to be between 1,000 and 2,000 years old -- was once a vast city organised around the extraction and trade of copper. - TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by Wakil KOHSAR / AFP) / TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by WAKIL KOHSAR/AFP via Getty Images)

Terletak di pertemuan budaya Helenistik dan India, Mes Aynak diyakini berusia antara 1.000 dan 2.000 tahun. Kota ini pernah menjadi kota besar yang terorganisir di sekitar ekstraksi dan perdagangan tembaga.

In this photograph taken on May 17, 2022, historical monuments department manager Jalat Surkhabi shows a structure uncovered at an archaeological site in Mes Aynak, in the eastern province of Logar. - An ancient Buddhist city carved out of immense peaks near Kabul is in danger of disappearing forever, swallowed up by a Chinese consortium exploiting one of the world's largest copper deposits. Located at the confluence of Hellenistic and Indian cultures, Mes Aynak -- believed to be between 1,000 and 2,000 years old -- was once a vast city organised around the extraction and trade of copper. - TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by Wakil KOHSAR / AFP) / TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by WAKIL KOHSAR/AFP via Getty Images)

Dari tempat ini, para arkeolog menemukan banyak biara buddha kuno, artefak buddha, gedung administrasi, tempat tinggal penganut Buddha hingga lukisan dan keramik.

In this photograph taken on May 17, 2022, historical monuments department manager Jalat Surkhabi shows a structure uncovered at an archaeological site in Mes Aynak, in the eastern province of Logar. - An ancient Buddhist city carved out of immense peaks near Kabul is in danger of disappearing forever, swallowed up by a Chinese consortium exploiting one of the world's largest copper deposits. Located at the confluence of Hellenistic and Indian cultures, Mes Aynak -- believed to be between 1,000 and 2,000 years old -- was once a vast city organised around the extraction and trade of copper. - TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by Wakil KOHSAR / AFP) / TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by WAKIL KOHSAR/AFP via Getty Images)

Di masanya yang kelam, situs ini sempat menjadi korban penjarahan. Namun Mes Aynak disebut merupakan salah satu situs arkeologi paling indah di dunia.

In this photograph taken on May 17, 2022, historical monuments department manager Jalat Surkhabi shows a structure uncovered at an archaeological site in Mes Aynak, in the eastern province of Logar. - An ancient Buddhist city carved out of immense peaks near Kabul is in danger of disappearing forever, swallowed up by a Chinese consortium exploiting one of the world's largest copper deposits. Located at the confluence of Hellenistic and Indian cultures, Mes Aynak -- believed to be between 1,000 and 2,000 years old -- was once a vast city organised around the extraction and trade of copper. - TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by Wakil KOHSAR / AFP) / TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by WAKIL KOHSAR/AFP via Getty Images)

Benda-benda yang ditemukan sebagian besar berasal dari abad ke-2 hingga ke-9 M. Namun juga benda yang berasal di era sebelumnya, seperti tembikar yang berasal dari Zaman Perunggu,  jauh sebelum kelahiran agama Buddha.

In this photograph taken on May 17, 2022, historical monuments department manager Jalat Surkhabi shows a structure uncovered at an archaeological site in Mes Aynak, in the eastern province of Logar. - An ancient Buddhist city carved out of immense peaks near Kabul is in danger of disappearing forever, swallowed up by a Chinese consortium exploiting one of the world's largest copper deposits. Located at the confluence of Hellenistic and Indian cultures, Mes Aynak -- believed to be between 1,000 and 2,000 years old -- was once a vast city organised around the extraction and trade of copper. - TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by Wakil KOHSAR / AFP) / TO GO WITH 'Afghanistan-China-minig-Buddhism' (Photo by WAKIL KOHSAR/AFP via Getty Images)

Ancaman kemudian datang saat Taliban kembali berkuasa pada Agustus 2021, menjadikan lokasi seluas 1.000 hektare ini menjadi prioritas mengeruk pundi-pundi setelah pembekuan bantuan internasional. Konsorsium China pun dibentuk, pertambangan bergerak.

Penampakan Situs Buddha yang Terancam Tambang China dan Taliban
Penampakan Situs Buddha yang Terancam Tambang China dan Taliban
Penampakan Situs Buddha yang Terancam Tambang China dan Taliban
Penampakan Situs Buddha yang Terancam Tambang China dan Taliban
Penampakan Situs Buddha yang Terancam Tambang China dan Taliban
Penampakan Situs Buddha yang Terancam Tambang China dan Taliban
Penampakan Situs Buddha yang Terancam Tambang China dan Taliban

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