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Ironi Tambang Kobalt Kongo

Junior Kannah/AFP/Getty Images - detikFinance
Jumat, 18 Nov 2022 18:05 WIB

Kongo - Kongo seharusnya menjadi negara kaya raya karena tambang kobaltnya. Namun yang terjadi justru sebaliknya.

Artisanal miners carry sacks of ore at the Shabara artisanal mine near Kolwezi on October 12, 2022. - Some 20,000 people work at Shabara, in shifts of 5,000 at a time.
Congo produced 72 percent of the worlds cobalt last year, according to Darton Commodities. And demand for the metal is exploding due to its use in the rechargeable batteries that power mobile phones and electric cars.
But the countrys poorly regulated artisanal mines, which produce a small but not-negligeable percentage of its total output, have tarnished the image of Congolese cobalt. (Photo by Junior KANNAH / AFP) (Photo by JUNIOR KANNAH/AFP via Getty Images)

Pandangan umum tentang penambang yang bekerja di tambang artisanal Shabara dekat Kolwezi, Kongo, Rabu, (12/10/2022). Kongo terkenal dengan tambang kobaltnya yang mendunia. Kobalt sendiri merupakan bahan penting pembuatan baterai dan ponsel.

Artisanal miners carry sacks of ore at the Shabara artisanal mine near Kolwezi on October 12, 2022. - Some 20,000 people work at Shabara, in shifts of 5,000 at a time.
Congo produced 72 percent of the worlds cobalt last year, according to Darton Commodities. And demand for the metal is exploding due to its use in the rechargeable batteries that power mobile phones and electric cars.
But the countrys poorly regulated artisanal mines, which produce a small but not-negligeable percentage of its total output, have tarnished the image of Congolese cobalt. (Photo by Junior KANNAH / AFP) (Photo by JUNIOR KANNAH/AFP via Getty Images)

Namun sayang, ada ironi di balik tambang tersebut. Menukil situs resmi Amnesty International, lebih dari 40.000 anak di negara Afrika itu harus memikul berkilo-kilo hasil tambang kobalt setiap hari. Pekerjaan itu dilakukan 12 jam penuh untuk upah maksimal US$2 atau sekitar Rp31.000-an (kurs Rp15.691) saja.   

Artisanal miners carry sacks of ore at the Shabara artisanal mine near Kolwezi on October 12, 2022. - Some 20,000 people work at Shabara, in shifts of 5,000 at a time.
Congo produced 72 percent of the worlds cobalt last year, according to Darton Commodities. And demand for the metal is exploding due to its use in the rechargeable batteries that power mobile phones and electric cars.
But the countrys poorly regulated artisanal mines, which produce a small but not-negligeable percentage of its total output, have tarnished the image of Congolese cobalt. (Photo by Junior KANNAH / AFP) (Photo by JUNIOR KANNAH/AFP via Getty Images)

Salah satu tambang kobalt terkenal di Kongo adalah Shabara. Di sana sekitar 20 ribu orang bekerja tanpa henti untuk menambang kobalt.  

Artisanal miners carry sacks of ore at the Shabara artisanal mine near Kolwezi on October 12, 2022. - Some 20,000 people work at Shabara, in shifts of 5,000 at a time.
Congo produced 72 percent of the worlds cobalt last year, according to Darton Commodities. And demand for the metal is exploding due to its use in the rechargeable batteries that power mobile phones and electric cars.
But the countrys poorly regulated artisanal mines, which produce a small but not-negligeable percentage of its total output, have tarnished the image of Congolese cobalt. (Photo by Junior KANNAH / AFP) (Photo by JUNIOR KANNAH/AFP via Getty Images)

Dela wa Monga, seorang penambang artisanal, memegang batu kobalt di tambang artisanal Shabara.   

Artisanal miners carry sacks of ore at the Shabara artisanal mine near Kolwezi on October 12, 2022. - Some 20,000 people work at Shabara, in shifts of 5,000 at a time.
Congo produced 72 percent of the worlds cobalt last year, according to Darton Commodities. And demand for the metal is exploding due to its use in the rechargeable batteries that power mobile phones and electric cars.
But the countrys poorly regulated artisanal mines, which produce a small but not-negligeable percentage of its total output, have tarnished the image of Congolese cobalt. (Photo by Junior KANNAH / AFP) (Photo by JUNIOR KANNAH/AFP via Getty Images)

Kongo memproduksi 72 persen stok kobalt dunia pada tahun lalu. Seharusnya, Kongo pun menjadi salah satu negara terkaya di dunia. 

Artisanal miners carry sacks of ore at the Shabara artisanal mine near Kolwezi on October 12, 2022. - Some 20,000 people work at Shabara, in shifts of 5,000 at a time.
Congo produced 72 percent of the worlds cobalt last year, according to Darton Commodities. And demand for the metal is exploding due to its use in the rechargeable batteries that power mobile phones and electric cars.
But the countrys poorly regulated artisanal mines, which produce a small but not-negligeable percentage of its total output, have tarnished the image of Congolese cobalt. (Photo by Junior KANNAH / AFP) (Photo by JUNIOR KANNAH/AFP via Getty Images)

Sayangnya, hal itu justru tak terjadi. Peraturan yang longgar membuat banyak tambang ilegal beroperasi.  

Ironi Tambang Kobalt Kongo
Ironi Tambang Kobalt Kongo
Ironi Tambang Kobalt Kongo
Ironi Tambang Kobalt Kongo
Ironi Tambang Kobalt Kongo
Ironi Tambang Kobalt Kongo

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