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Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga

AP Photo/Dar Yasin - detikFinance
Senin, 16 Nov 2020 20:47 WIB

Kashmir - Ladang di pegunungan Kashmir menghasilkan ribuan bunga Saffron yang siap diolah menjadi rempah termahal di dunia. Bunga ini hanya panen dua minggu dalam setahun

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Dikelilingi oleh pegunungan rendah dan tersebar di hamparan luas ladang yang subur, lautan bunga ungu bermekaran di Kashmir Himalaya.  

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Di akhir musim gugur, keluarga di wilayah mayoritas Muslim berpacu dengan waktu untuk memanen bunga crocus saffron, yang mekar hanya dua minggu dalam setahun.  

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Pria, wanita, dan anak-anak membungkuk saat mereka dengan susah payah memetik bunga-bunga halus dan meletakkannya di keranjang anyaman.  

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Selanjutnya mereka memisahkan kelopak ungu dan mengambil tiga putik kecil halus yang kemudian dikeringkan di bawah sinar matahari, menjadi salah satu rempah-rempah paling mahal dan dicari oleh dunia.  

A Kashmiri shopkeeper Shabeeh Farooq displays saffron boxes inside his showroom in Lethpora, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Across the world, saffron is used in multiple products ranging from medicine, beauty and food. A kilogram (2.2 pounds) of saffron can easily sell anywhere between $3,000 to $4,000. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Di seluruh dunia, saffron digunakan dalam berbagai produk mulai dari makanan hingga obat-obatan dan kosmetik.  

A Kashmiri shopkeeper Shabeeh Farooq displays saffron boxes inside his showroom in Lethpora, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Across the world, saffron is used in multiple products ranging from medicine, beauty and food. A kilogram (2.2 pounds) of saffron can easily sell anywhere between $3,000 to $4,000. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Satu kilogram saffron siap jual membutuhkan sekitar 150.000 bunga dan dapat dengan mudah dijual seharga $ 3.000-$ 4.000.  

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Harga yang sangat tinggi setara dengan proses produksinya yang rumit dan manfaat saffron yang sudah dibuktikan banyak orang baik untuk segala jenis hal.  

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Secara umum, mengonsumsi saffron mengandung sedikit risiko. Mengonsumsi hingga 1,5 gram saffron setiap hari umumnya aman, tetapi jika terlalu banyak bisa menjadi racun.  

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Di Kashmir, rempah-rempah adalah sumber kebanggaan dan telah menggerakkan ekonomi dan budaya wilayah tersebut selama berabad-abad.   

A Kashmiri shopkeeper Shabeeh Farooq displays saffron boxes inside his showroom in Lethpora, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Across the world, saffron is used in multiple products ranging from medicine, beauty and food. A kilogram (2.2 pounds) of saffron can easily sell anywhere between $3,000 to $4,000. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Namun selama bertahun-tahun, penanamannya menghadapi masalah karena perubahan iklim, fasilitas irigasi yang buruk, dan impor saffron Iran yang lebih murah.  

A Kashmiri shopkeeper Shabeeh Farooq displays saffron boxes inside his showroom in Lethpora, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Across the world, saffron is used in multiple products ranging from medicine, beauty and food. A kilogram (2.2 pounds) of saffron can easily sell anywhere between $3,000 to $4,000. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Untuk meningkatkan penanaman dan ekspor safron, pihak berwenang di Kashmir telah mendirikan taman rempah berteknologi tinggi untuk meningkatkan kualitas dan kuantitas produksi.  

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Tetapi sangat sedikit petani yang menganggap teknologi terbaru menguntungkan, sehingga sebagian besar masih menggunakan teknik tradisional untuk memetik dan mengeringkan saffron.  

Kashmiri farmers remove the stigma of crocus flowers inside their house in Khrew, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Stigmas are dried in the sun, becoming saffron, one of the most expensive and sought-after spices. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Sebagian besar safron Kashmir ditanam di Pampore, sebuah kota kecil di selatan kota Srinagar.  

A Kashmiri shopkeeper Shabeeh Farooq displays saffron boxes inside his showroom in Lethpora, south of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, Saturday, Oct. 31, 2020. Across the world, saffron is used in multiple products ranging from medicine, beauty and food. A kilogram (2.2 pounds) of saffron can easily sell anywhere between $3,000 to $4,000. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

Sebagian besar safron Kashmir ditanam di Pampore, sebuah kota kecil di selatan kota Srinagar.  

Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga
Saffron, Putik Bunga yang Jadi Rempah Berharga